Magnetically Coupled Gear Pumps

June 8, 2021

What Is a Magnetically Coupled Gear Pump?

Traditional external gear pumps utilize a motor shaft which is directly coupled to a driving gear within the pump. To make this coupling, the shaft must pass through a sliding seal. The typical life-limiting component in a direct drive pump is the seal. Regardless of seal type and quality, the seal will wear and eventually leak. Magnetically coupled gear pumps avoid the life-limiting seal by using a magnetic coupling to transfer torque into the pump. This establishes a hermetic seal while still coupling the motor to the driving gear.

Direct Drive Gear Pump with Life-Limiting Seal

Traditional Magnetic Coupling


Traditional magnetic couplings have a magnet internal to the pump which is attached to the driving gear. The magnet can be a simple ferrite magnet or, for higher coupling strengths, a magnet made from rare earth metals. Typically, the magnet is encased in a metal or plastic jacket to prevent contact with the pumped fluid. The jacket also provides coupling to the driving gear. A thin metal barrier separates the fluid from the atmosphere. A second magnet, attached to the motor, is external to the fluid barrier and is magnetized to form a coupling with the internal magnet. The external magnet can be made from ferrite or rare earth alloys. Magnetic strength decreases with distance squared, making it critical to minimize the distance between the magnets. This requires precision machining and assembly for an efficient design. Balance and runout of the internal magnet is critical to maximize the life of internal bearings and for smooth, quiet operation.

Traditional Magnetic Coupling


Advantages
• Eliminates sliding seal, thereby extending pump life and reducing frictional drag
• Allows the use of any motor type and size
• Isolates the heat-generating motor from the pumped fluid
• Capable of very strong magnetic coupling when both internal and external magnets are rare earth alloys.


Disadvantages
• Addition of the magnetic coupling increases overall size of the pump assembly.
• Adds costs due to additional magnets and brackets
Direct Magnetic Drive
The traditional magnetic coupling evolved into a direct magnetic drive. This drive uses the pump’s internal magnet as the rotor for a brushless DC (BLDC) motor. This method eliminates the stand-alone motor, extra brackets and external magnet. The resulting product is a compact, inexpensive, hermitically sealed pump. To make an effective BLDC motor in this configuration, the internal magnet must be made from a rare earth metal alloy. However, the enclosure around the magnet and the barrier between the fluid and atmosphere can be the same as a traditional magnetic coupling.

Direct Magnetic Drive

The traditional magnetic coupling evolved into a direct magnetic drive. This drive uses the pump’s internal magnet as the rotor for a brushless DC (BLDC) motor. This method eliminates the stand-alone motor, extra brackets and external magnet. The resulting product is a compact, inexpensive, hermitically sealed pump. To make an effective BLDC motor in this configuration, the internal magnet must be made from a rare earth metal alloy. However, the enclosure around the magnet and the barrier between the fluid and atmosphere can be the same as a traditional magnetic coupling.

Direct Magnetic Drive

Advantages
• Eliminates sliding seal, thereby extending pump life and reducing frictional drag
• Compact design allows placement in tight spaces
• Fewer components required, lowering manufacturing cost
• Longest life because there are no motor ball bearings to wear out


Disadvantages
• There are power and input type limitations based on the pump supplier’s product portfolio.
• Heat-producing coils are situated close to pump, potentially adding heat to the fluid system. This is typically a minor effect and only of concern for small, closed loop systems.

The world most precise long lasting commercial grade pumps

Being the world leading company in large serie industrial pumps, the Diener Precision Pumps are the perfect solution for different type of use.

Request information

Learn more about our solutions

Contact us